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HACKER INSURANCE - A coverage that protects businesses engaged in electronic commerce from losses caused by hackers.


HARD MARKET - A seller‘s market in which insurance is expensive and in short supply. (See Property/casualty insurance cycle )


HOMEOWNERS INSURANCE POLICY - The typical homeowners insurance policy covers the house, the garage and other structures on the property, as well as personal possessions inside the house such as furniture, appliances and clothing, against a wide variety of perils including windstorms, fire and theft. The extent of the perils covered depends on the type of policy. An all-risk policy offers the broadest coverage. This covers all perils except those specifically excluded in the policy. Homeowners insurance also covers additional living expenses. Known as Loss of Use, this provision in the policy reimburses the policyholder for the extra cost of living elsewhere while the house is being restored after a disaster. The liability portion of the policy covers the homeowner for accidental injuries caused to third parties and/or their property, such as a guest slipping and falling down improperly maintained stairs. Coverage for flood and earthquake damage is excluded and must be purchased separately. (See Flood insurance, Earthquake insurance) )


HOUSE YEAR - Equal to 365 days of insured coverage for a single dwelling. It is the standard measurement for homeowners insurance.


HURRICANE DEDUCTIBLE - A percentage or dollar amount added to a homeowner‘s insurance policy to limit an insurer‘s exposure to loss from a hurricane. Higher deductibles are instituted in higher risk areas, such as coastal regions. Specific details, such as the intensity of the storm for the deductible to be triggered and the extent of the high risk area, vary from insurer to insurer and state to state.

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA)**

This law sets standards for the security and privacy of personal health information. In addition, the law makes it easier for individuals to change jobs without the risk of extended waiting periods due to pre-existing conditions.

Health Maintenance Organization (HMO)**

A health plan that provides coverage through a network of hospitals, physicians and other health care providers. HMOs usually require the selection of a primary care physician who is responsible for managing and coordinating all health care. Usually, referrals to specialist physicians are required, and the HMO pays only for care provided by an in-network provider.

Health Reimbursement Account (HRA)**

A tax-exempt account that can be used to pay for qualified health expenses. HRAs are usually paired with a high-Deductible health plan and are funded solely by employer contributions.

Health Savings Account (HSA)**

A tax-exempt savings account that can be used to pay for qualified medical expenses. Individuals can obtain HSAs from most financial institutions, or through their employer. Both employers and employees can contribute to the plan. To open an HSA, an individual must have health coverage under an HSA-qualified high-Deductible health plan which has Deductibles of at least $1,200 for an individual and $2,400 for a family in 2010.

High-Deductible Health Plan**

These health insurance plans have higher Deductibles and lower premiums than traditional insurance plans.

High-Risk Pool**

The health reform law expands upon the current state-based high-risk pool system. The law requires the government to establish or issue contracts to establish a temporary high risk pool (through 2013) to provide coverage for eligible individuals with pre-existing conditions by appropriating $5 billion to subsidize premiums. Eligibility is limited to individuals who have been uninsured for at least six months prior to applying for pool coverage, and who have a pre-existing condition.